Palliative Drugs and Medication

When it comes to medications for pain management and associated palliative drugs, there are two broad categories: opioids, which lacklustre pain systemically, end to end of the body; and adjuvant analgesics, or helper medications that can drogue specific types of pain, often by fighting inflammation.

Opioids

Opioid medications are purchasable only by dint of a viable prescription. There are numerous opioid drugs that palliative care physicians most unremarkably prescribe for moderating severe pain in the context of a grave or life-threatening illness. They are known as opioid analgesics. Some of which seemingly similar compounds available in open market are listed below:

•             Codeine

•             Fentanyl

•             Hydrocodone

•             Hydrocodone/Acetaminophen

•             Hydromorphone

•             Meperidine

•             Methadone

•             Morphine

•             Oxycodone

•             Oxycodone and Acetaminophen

•             Oxycodone and Naloxone

These drugs can be taken in numerous variable ways. If the person can swallow, all can be provided orally. If the person can no longer be able to do the same, some medications needed to be provided in the intravenous manner, while others can be provided through sub-cutaneous injections.

There are other options, as well. According to Muir, an eminent personnel of the field, an opioid can be mixed with a gel to deliver it topically, through the skin, with a compounding pharmacist's support. Furthermore, according to his opinion, there are also formulations and sub-compounds of fentanyl, which can be delivered by patch or through a cheek film that crosses the mucous membranes in the mouth.

Although opioids are excellent in controlling pain, they do have side effects. Among the most common are:

Constipation: This is the one you can't get around. Most people who take an opioid experience some degree of constipation and it doesn't tend to go away as your body gets accustomed to the medication.Taking a stool softener and laxative preventive measure, regularly as a precautionary measure can keep most constipation under control.In addition, the drugs lubiprostone, methylnaltrexone, naldemedine, and naloxegol are approved to treat constipation specifically due to opioid use in those with chronic pain

  • Analgesics
  • Antiemetics
  • Laxatives and Aperients
  • Adjuvant Medications

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